Nadine Lustre’s phone stolen in Brazil Volcano watch: Island fissures steaming, lake water receding In fight vs corruption, Duterte now points to Ayala, MVP companies as ‘big fish’ Holloway then volunteered to fight Khabib Nurmagomedov for the UFC lightweight belt on six days’ notice in early April after Tony Ferguson dropped out of the much-anticipated title bout with an injury. But Holloway couldn’t make the weight cut in time, with doctors pulling him from the show one day before the weigh-in when he showed distress.Holloway last fought in December, when he stopped former champ Jose Aldo for the second consecutive time. He won the interim featherweight title by beating Anthony Pettis in December 2016, and he took the undisputed title with his first victory over Aldo last June.He has won 12 consecutive fights since losing a decision to Conor McGregor in August 2013.Ortega (14-0) was up next for Holloway after the Los Angeles-area native extended his unbeaten career in March with a knockout victory over Edgar. The UFC could put Ortega into a replacement fight on short notice, or it could give an interim title shot to Ortega in the near future.The UFC’s International Fight Week show has lost a major fight due to injury for the fourth consecutive year, including three straight years during the week of the fight.Last July, bantamweight champion Amanda Nunes dropped out of her bout with Valentina Shevchenko just a few hours before the show with an illness.In 2016, Jon Jones was scheduled for a light heavyweight title rematch with Cormier, but Jones was pulled three days before the show due to a violation of the UFC’s anti-doping policy.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award LATEST STORIES Putin’s, Xi’s ruler-for-life moves pose challenges to West ‘High crimes and misdemeanors’: Trump impeachment trial begins View comments Trump assembles a made-for-TV impeachment defense team SBP, Basketball Australia issue joint apology for brawl The UFC didn’t immediately confirm any changes to the penultimate bout on its biggest show of the summer.“Max’s team and UFC staff noticed Max was not normal since late last week,” the statement from Holloway’s camp said.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSAfter winning title, time for LA Tenorio to give back to Batangas folkSPORTSTim Cone still willing to coach Gilas but admits decision won’t be ‘simple yes or no’Holloway’s camp indicated the champion stayed overnight in an emergency room Monday before he had even started his weight cut for the bout. Holloway was taken to an emergency room again Wednesday after awakening groggily from a nap following an open workout for fans at the MGM Grand.“Max fought with his team to continue with the fight,” the statement said. “He showed some improvement (from Tuesday to Wednesday) but was still showing obvious symptoms. After open workouts he crashed and was very hard to wake up. When he did, he had flashing vision and slurred speech.” MOST READ Palace OKs total deployment ban on Kuwait OFWs FILE – In this Thursday, April 5, 2018, file photo, UFC featherweight champion Max Holloway gestures while responding to reporters’ questions during Media Day for UFC 223 at the Barclays Center in New York, ahead of his upcoming lightweight title fight against Khabib Nurmagomedov. (AP Photo/Kathy Willens, File)LAS VEGAS — UFC featherweight champion Max Holloway’s representatives say he is dropping out of his title defense against Brian Ortega at UFC 226 this weekend due to apparent concussion symptoms.Holloway’s management team announced the decision in a statement issued Wednesday night, three days before the bout.ADVERTISEMENT In an interview earlier Wednesday, Holloway (19-3) said he was particularly excited about fighting on the UFC’s International Fight Week card, held annually in Las Vegas near the Fourth of July holiday. He was eager to fight in front of a large group of fans traveling to Vegas from his native Hawaii.He was also excited to fight on a card with Daniel Cormier, his close friend and the UFC light heavyweight champion, who is moving up to challenge heavyweight champ Stipe Miocic in the main event.“Glad to be back in action,” Holloway said. “Glad to be rocking and rolling. This week is going to be special. … I feel blessed. It’s a huge fight for sure, and I’m just so grateful and so thankful to be part of a week like this. People don’t understand. This is the Super Bowl of the UFC. There’s two fight cards you want to get on: The International Fight Week or the end-of-the-year card, and I got on one of them.”The 26-year-old Holloway is one of the UFC’s most dominant and most charismatic champions, but he has been pulled from three prospective bouts this year due to three apparently different health problems.Holloway initially was scheduled to defend his belt against former lightweight champion Frankie Edgar at UFC 222 on March 3, but he was pulled from the bout in early February due to a leg injury.ADVERTISEMENT Report: Disney dropping the ‘Fox’ from movie studio names Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew Don’t miss out on the latest news and information.
President of the Guyana Agricultural and General Workers Union (GAWU), Komal Chand, has said the Special Purpose Unit (SPU) under the National Industrial & Commercial Investments Limited informed the Union that its officers are hoping to keep the Enmore, Skeldon and Rose Hall sugar factories operational until they are sold.At the GAWU end-of-year press conference on Friday, Chand told reporters that GAWU had sought a meeting with the Special Purposes Unit, and had there been informed of the Unit’s mandate. He noted that the SPU has committed to ensuring the sale of the three estates are transparent, and has committed to keeping them operational until they are sold.Chand informed that the SPU is yet to ink the agreement with the company chosen to seek the sale. He added that the process is expected to be completed by mid-next year, since the SPU has to assess the value of the assets owned by the estates.“They did point out to us that while they are looking at the sale, to have the place in proper order to receive offers, they hope to continue the operations of these three estates. One: to make sure that the factories remain functional; two: to prepare the fields that were neglected by the Guyana Sugar Corporation. They hope to put the fields back in order. That is: to attend to the weeds, to have the bushes and grass cleaned, and have the canes fertilized, because they recognize if they have offers they will receive better price for the assets of GuySuCo belonging to these three estates, so they are hoping to move to that,” he noted.He related that all the plans to keep the factories operational are premised on a grant by the Government.Additionally, Chand said the unions are pleased by the SPU’s decision to keep the factory operational, since it means that some of the 4,000 plus workers who lost their jobs would regain employment.“If there is a glimmer of hope that these three estates will function again, we are hoping that it can be early, and we are hoping that the SPU is able to be supported in this direction. They will have to evaluate how many workers they will need,” he noted.“Whether they will hire as many of them which were pushed on the breadline…but there is no assurance that all the workers being displaced would be hired,” Chand added.Earlier this month, the SPU announced that PricewaterhouseCoopers has been selected as its international financial services provider. Selected tenders were invited from PricewaterhouseCoopers, Ernst & Young, Deloitte, and KPMG. However, KPMG did not submit a tender. The three firms: PricewaterhouseCoopers, Ernst & Young, and Deloitte all made presentations to the NICIL/SPU evaluation team. After the presentations were concluded, the evaluation team selected PwC. All negotiations with PwC have been completed, and a contract was expected to be signed by December 18, 2017.PWC, ranked as the most prestigious accounting firm in the world for the last seven consecutive years, will be conducting the valuation of all assets under the control of GuySuCo, in addition to providing other advisory and financial services.After the valuation exercise, PwC will develop an investment prospectus, and will, through the SPU, distribute same to all interested investors. PWC will be tasked with ensuring a level playing field for all interested parties and stakeholders.The Unit is tasked with the divestment (sell-off) of assets owned by GuySuCo, and received an allocation of $200 million under the Finance Ministry’s 2018 Budget.When asked, Finance Minister Winston Jordan disclosed that the $200 million would be spent on legal and professional fees, surveys, strategic partnerships with PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC), travel and subsistence, as well as other expenditures.
– ahead of appointment of new junior MayorA number of students from Linden, Region 10 (Upper Demerara- Berbice) recently received a two-day training in leadership and local democracy ahead of the appointment of a junior Mayor who will serve for the period 2019-2020.Some of the youths that participated in the trainingLinden Mayor Waneka Arrindell said the aim was to strengthen and advance leadership, communication and fluency skills so that the youths can be better able to represent themselves and others on social platforms.The Linden Mayor and Town Council (LM&TC) commenced the junior Mayor initiative in 2018 with 18-year-old Devon Beckles serving from 2018 up until now. This year, Arrindell noted, the junior Mayor will be chosen from Grade Six.“This year we’re working with the Grade 6 classes to choose the junior Mayor. Last year we chose from the Secondary school, this year we want to choose the children who are now going over into Secondary school…”, the Mayor noted.Beckles was also part of the training along with students from other grades.“We brought back in the junior Mayor and the team and we also took children from the Grade 10. We worked with every group on leadership, volunteerism, self-esteem development, local governance”, Arrindell said.The junior Mayor project is expected to commence in July while the junior Mayor is expected to be chosen in the final week. According to Arrindell, $500,000 will be awarded to the successful junior Mayoral candidate to undertake a humanitarian project.“Like something within the schools – if they see children without shoes, children without textbooks, something humanitarian. And then we’re hoping to do a community project”, she stated.Arrindell also noted that the outgoing junior Mayor will be working alongside others to spruce up the aesthetics of the cenotaph at Mackenzie, Linden.Likewise, she noted that it is expected that the new junior Mayor also undertakes a community enhancement project.Asked about the success of the junior mayoral initiative, Arrindell said the outgoing junior Mayor would have benefited greatly. She noted that two of the key aspects learned was the spirit of volunteerism and participation. Arrindell pointed out that the outgoing junior Mayor would have donated finances towards the development of a “space” at his school which had been in a deplorable state.“I think one of the things we would have seen is the junior Mayor’s development in terms of how he’s now able to present himself…we’ve seen an improvement in terms of how he’s now able to write and articulate, in terms of development of self-esteem to be more effective in the community. That is something that we wanted to see – where the person would develop overall to be able to become a leader in their community and I think for that I would say that it was successful”, she noted.Arrindell added that the outgoing junior Mayor was also able to attend Council meetings and give suggestions as it relates to the community’s youth.
The Caribbean Examinations Council (CXC) has announced its regional awards to students who would have performed exceptionally well at both the Caribbean Secondary Education Certificate (CSEC) and Caribbean Advanced Proficiency Examination (CAPE) for 2019.Top Regional CAPE Performer, Michael BhopaulTop Regional CSEC Performer, Riana ToneyThis year, both top spots were bestowed to Guyanese students. Michael Bhopaul of Queen’s College copped the CAPE top award while the CSEC top performer was listed as Riana Toney of the Anna Regina Multilateral School.While Bhopaul would have placed second in Guyana’s lineup this year, he won the Dennis Irvine Award for the top overall student at CAPE. He would have secured passes in eight units – Communications Studies1, Integrated Mathematics1, Applied Mathematics2, Biology2, Chemistry2, French2, Pure Mathematics2 and Physics 2. The teen was also named the second-highest CAPE performer for 2018 and the country’s top CSEC performer back in 2017.Meanwhile, Riana Toney won the regional top award for CSEC. She would have won the Overall Outstanding Achievement award, having obtained Grade One passes in 19 subjects.The passes were secured in Agricultural Science, Biology, Caribbean History, Chemistry, English A, English B, Geography, Information Technology, Integrated Science, Mathematics, Office Administration, Physics, Principles of Business, Religious Education, Social Studies, Spanish, Electronic Document Preparation and Management, Physical Education and Sport, and Human and Social Biology.Having scored the top spot for the Humanities award, her school was listed as School of the Year.Meanwhile, Brianna Gopie of Queen’s College won the award for Most Outstanding Candidate for Business Education. Gopie achieved Grade One passes in Economics, English A, English B, Geography, Information Technology, Integrated Science, Office Administration, Physics, Principles of Accounts, Principles of Business, Social Studies, Spanish, Electronic Document Preparation and Management, Physical Education and Sport, Additional Mathematics, and Food, Nutrition and Health.Also coming from QC was Samuel Haynes, who copped a similar award for his 18 passes in the Sciences. He secured Grade One passes in Agricultural Science, Biology, Caribbean History, Chemistry, Economics, English A, English B, Geography, Information Technology, Integrated Science, Mathematics, Physics, Social Studies, Spanish, Electronic Document Preparation and Management, Physical Education and Sport, Human and Social Biology, and Additional Mathematics.
Opposition Leader Bharrat Jagdeo has questioned Government’s commitment to education in Guyana and took a swipe at it for delaying the process of meeting an agreement to raise teachers’ salaries.Jagdeo said President David Granger and his Cabinet have an obligation to address the concerns of teachers and should seek to have the issue of salary increases for teachers resolved quickly.He recalled that during his tenure as President, he personally sat with the leadership of the Guyana Teachers’ Union (GTU) to discuss salaries and other benefits for teachers.Jagdeo said he worked too with the GTU to come up with a multi-year remuneration package for teachers, which included not only salaries, but aOpposition Leader Bharrat Jagdeohousing fund and duty-free concessions, among other incentives.He urged the A Partnership for National Unity/Alliance For Change (APNU/AFC) coalition to ensure that it responded to the concerns of the teachers, noting the importance of teachers to the education system and the country as a whole.“Granger has talked about education, but what about the teachers … they can’t even get a commitment,” he said, noting that it was unacceptable for teachers to be treated in that manner.Last month, two letters were sent to President Granger, one by GTU General Secretary Coretta McDonald and the second by Union President Mark Lyte.Both sought to enquire of the President and his Cabinet the reasons for the delayed remuneration package for teachers and also requested a timeline for its realisation.While Education Minister Nicolette Henry has said that the matter was now in the hands of Cabinet and that recommendations were made and submitted for initial evaluation, the GTU said it was fed up.Lyte told Guyana Times in an exclusive interview last month that the Union has learnt unofficially that the work of the High-Level Task Force of Public Education has been dealt with by Cabinet.However, he said the Union was yet to hear a word from the Government on its decision.Lyte recalled that the GTU had written President Granger about the slow pace atGTU President Mark Lytewhich the negotiations were proceeding and not being able to get a response, among other concerns.He said that that missive was dispatched on June 5. The Government responded and said that the Finance Ministry was advising Cabinet on the matter. The GTU only received that letter on June 29.Asked whether the Union was confident that a decision could be made soon, now that the matter was with Cabinet, he said there was not even the slightest optimism, given how the issue was dealt with.Lyte also recapped that the Task Force had completed its work and handed over its report to the Minister on April 6, but there was still no concrete word on when Cabinet could make a pronouncement.“All we are told is that the Finance Ministry is advising and that is not enough word for comfort,” he added.The GTU official also pointed out that the Government has been claiming that teachers were important, yet its actions seemed to disagree as there was no real genuine effort being made to address their needs.“And, just recently, we were being told that private schools are outperforming public schools and only when exam time comes, people feel it. But this is a result of the low motivation,” he explained.The establishment of the Task Force, which comprised Government and Union representatives, followed on the heels of threats of strike action from the GTU inPresident David Grangerretaliation for the slow pace of addressing the pay increase for teachers. This led to its establishment to fast-track the salary issue.In April, the High-Level Task Force was engaged in a meeting, where the factors affecting teachers were discussed, with the possibility of them receiving an increase in their monthly salaries. However, since May, it was revealed that the matter was within the remit of the Finance Ministry.The Union has proposed a series of increases. These, it said, were proposed with the aim of improving the financial stability of teachers, who are the most significant figures within society.A 40 per cent salary increase for public school teachers was proposed for the year 2016. Over time, the percentage would be increased for all categories of represented teachers.
An installation included in the prestigious Turner Prize Exhibition in Derry is to be situated at a number of Donegal-Derry border crossings.Shiro MasuyamaThe eyes of the art world may be on Derry as the city hosts the biggest celebration of contemporary art which is attracting artists and art lovers from far and wide.While the exhibits by the four artists shortlisted for the prestigious Turner Prize – the winner of which will be announced live from Ebrington on Channel 4 on 2 December next – are grabbing all the headlines, the exhibition also features a unique installation by a Japanese artist. Shiro Masuyama, who is currently based in Belfast, has created a special work titled “Borderline” incorporating emblems and paraphernalia representing both Britain and Ireland which is being showcased in a caravan based on the Ebrington site.The installation has been created as part of the City of Culture programme and will be placed at border crossings on weekdays throughout November and December before returning to the city for weekend viewings.The work aims to reflect both Irish and British culture as it is represented in Northern Irish society today, and the caravan will go on display at a number of border locations over the coming months, as Shiro explained.“I have converted the interior of the caravan into two parts, one half has a British design and the other half an Irish design. Many things which have either been used by the British or Irish character are also displayed symmetrically, British objects on the British side, Irish objects on the Irish side, as well as a half British and half Irish interior.” Shiro said when the caravan was on some borderline points between Derry and Donegal. he hoped to develop the project by talking to people on both sides of the border and adding objects and or correcting the display to the right direction.He added: “Since I started living in Northern Ireland, I’ve found it difficult to understand the particular differences between Irish and British culture in such a complex society. The idea of the caravan is to create a small museum to show the difference of each culture.”TURNER EXHIBIT TO “CAMP OUT” ON DONEGAL-DERRY BORDER CROSSINGS was last modified: October 24th, 2013 by johngerardShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Derrydonegalexhibitturner
DONEGAL’S Ladies showed real mettle to grind out a one point win over Armagh in Glenfinn today.It was a proud day for County Captain Katy Herron has she led her team to a 1-11 to 1-10 victory at her home club.But it could have gone either way. Donegal were cruising in the first half, Amber Barrett finding the net to keep Donegal five points ahead.But the Orchard County ladies were a different prospect in the second half, scoring a quick goal to close the gap before eventually drawing level.When heads were down however captain Katy and club mate Karen Guthrie steadied the nerves as the Donegal girls slowly played their way out of trouble and – despite three wides towards the end – finally added the crucial point through Barrett to seal the victory.After the easy victory over Down last week, this was always going to be a much tougher game. But a one point win gives Donegal the maximum return from two outings in the race for the Tesco All Ireland League Division 2 title. SUPER DONEGAL LADIES SHOW TRUE GRIT AGAINST ARMAGH was last modified: February 15th, 2015 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:armaghDivision 2donegalLadieswin
Inconsistent would be the best way to describe the salmon fishing out of Eureka at the moment. The beach bite that was holding steady for a few weeks off of Table Bluff has finally dried up. The last couple days the action has been slightly south of the entrance in 170 to 200 feet of water, roughly 8 miles offshore.A decent afternoon bite developed there on Tuesday and boats that stuck it out until the end were rewarded with some quality salmon. A very small fleet, including three charter …
Evolutionists believe it is necessary to get chemicals up to the point of replication before Darwinian evolution can come into play to build them into giraffes and eagles (given millions of years, of course). But because it is difficult to imagine a chance formation of nucleic acids (the “genetics first” theory), it has become popular in certain camps to change approaches and imagine metabolism coming into existence first. These “metabolism first” scenarios envision self-perpetuating cycles of chemical reactions as the first stages in the origin of life. A team of scientists just showed it won’t work. Three European scientists who published a paper in PNAS tried to give the concept a fair shake:1 A basic property of life is its capacity to experience Darwinian evolution. The replicator concept is at the core of genetics-first theories of the origin of life, which suggest that self-replicating oligonucleotides or their similar ancestors may have been the first “living” systems and may have led to the evolution of an RNA world. But problems with the nonenzymatic synthesis of biopolymers and the origin of template replication have spurred the alternative metabolism-first scenario, where self-reproducing and evolving proto-metabolic networks are assumed to have predated self-replicating genes. Recent theoretical work shows that “compositional genomes” (i.e., the counts of different molecular species in an assembly) are able to propagate compositional information and can provide a setup on which natural selection acts. Accordingly, if we stick to the notion of replicator as an entity that passes on its structure largely intact in successive replications, those macromolecular aggregates could be dubbed “ensemble replicators” (composomes) and quite different from the more familiar genes and memes.As they said, perhaps one could generalize the notion of a replicator up to a system or network of molecules instead of requiring a genetic code. Trouble is, accurate replication is required or the system breaks down:In sharp contrast with template-dependent replication dynamics, we demonstrate here that replication of compositional information is so inaccurate that fitter compositional genomes cannot be maintained by selection and, therefore, the system lacks evolvability (i.e., it cannot substantially depart from the asymptotic steady-state solution already built-in in the dynamical equations). We conclude that this fundamental limitation of ensemble replicators cautions against metabolism-first theories of the origin of life, although ancient metabolic systems could have provided a stable habitat within which polymer replicators later evolved.That last phrase tries to be courteous to the metabolism-first believers by giving them some role as stage hands in the play. But these authors already stated in the first quote that the genetics-first scenario is plagued with problems of its own – among them, “problems with the nonenzymatic synthesis of biopolymers and the origin of template replication.” They can’t get the required molecules to form on their own, and then there is the nasty problem of the origin of a genetic code that can copy itself. The first paragraph in the paper elaborates:Both schools acknowledge that a critical requirement for primitive evolvable systems (in the Darwinian sense) is to solve the problems of information storage and reliable information transmission. Disagreement starts, however, in the way information was first stored. All present life is based on digitally encoded information in polynucleotide strings, but difficulties with the de novo appearance of oligonucleotides and clear-cut routes to an RNA world (but see ref. 6), wherein RNA molecules had the dual role of catalysts and information storage systems, have provided continuous fuel for objections to the genetics-first scenario.But having demonstrated in their paper the inadequacy of metabolism-first story, viz: “We now feel compelled to abandon compositional inheritance as a jumping board toward real units of evolution,” they could offer no hope on the other hand that the genetics-first scenario was more fit. All they could supply was faith: “We do not know how the transition to digitally encoded information has happened in the originally inanimate world; that is, we do not know where the RNA world might have come from, but there are strong reasons to believe that it had existed.” Why? Because the metabolism-first scenario cannot work: “Template-free systems like composomes could only have had the limited role of accumulating prebiotic material and increasing environmental patchiness.” There needs to be a storage mechanism for genetic information, and that requires at least RNA. Storage-based inheritance, not merely attractor-based inheritance, is the minimum requirement for Darwinian evolution: “The essence of nucleic acids from the point of view of inheritance is exactly that they can store a lot of information at roughly equal energy/stability levels, exactly the property one requires from ‘storage.’” Later in the paper, they disparaged the habit of applying Darwinian terms, like “selection values”, to prebiotic molecules. Such terms are “devoid of meaning” in a chemical context, they said. “The unfortunate usage of words with clear Darwinian connotations—such as adaptation, fitness landscape, and coevolution—in the realm of pre-Darwinian systems cannot be overemphasized.”Update 01/08/2010: Three days after our report, Science Daily reported about this paper, based on a press release from Free University of Barcelona. Aside from getting the name of NASA wrong, they defined life as “self-sustaining chemical system capable of Darwinian evolution.” Even within that questionable definition, the metabolism-first scenario will not work, the article said: “the basic property of life as a system capable of undergoing Darwinian evolution began when genetic information was finally stored and transmitted such as occurs in nucleotide polymers (RNA and DNA).” Since subsequent Darwinian evolution has nothing necessarily to do with the origin of genetic information, the statement lends more support to a definition of life made by astrobiologist Benton Clark (see 12/30/2002): “life reproduces, and life uses energy. These functions follow a set of instructions embedded within the organism.”1. Vasos, Szathmary and Santos, “Lack of evolvability in self-sustaining autocatalytic networks: A constraint on the metabolism-first path to the origin of life,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, January 4, 2010, doi: 10.1073/pnas.0912628107.We could have told them this. They are just restating with additional rigor a common-sense principle, that you can’t get inheritance without accurate information storage and retrieval. The threshold to avoid error catastrophe is too demanding. Anyway, it’s nice to have their side prove it with eigenvalues and equations. And it was nice for them to chastise their brethren for misapplying Darwinian terms to chemicals: “The unfortunate usage of words with clear Darwinian connotations—such as adaptation, fitness landscape, and coevolution—in the realm of pre-Darwinian systems cannot be overemphasized.” This paper represents the latest in a series of devastating salvos in the battle between the two approaches in origin-of-life studies (see important entry 01/26/2008). Both sides have both falsified each other and bombed each other’s fortresses to the ground. Brush aside their false premise that life is defined by its ability to undergo Darwinian evolution; what they really mean is that a lack of accurate genetic replication forbids Darwinian evolution. But the lack of accurate genetic replication forbids life itself, too, so they lose either way. Notice that this team falsified the metabolism-first hypothesis but acknowledged serious shortcomings with the genetics-first hypothesis. So did they give up and acknowledge that life was intelligently designed? No: they resorted to what the NCSE would tell you is the antithesis of science: FAITH. There are good reasons to BELIEVE in the RNA world, they said, simply because their trust in Darwinian evolution requires it, and the alternative, intelligent design, is so horrible to their tender little psyches, they will resort to chance miracles – anything – to avoid going that route. Too bad, though. Stephen Meyer showed in Signature in the Cell that the RNA World scenario, and all naturalistic theories for the origin of specified genetic information, are hopelessly inadequate. The facts of nature have turned naturalism against itself. You can’t get here from there. The origin of life requires the input of information from an intelligent, purposeful source, and science proves it. That being the case, Darwin becomes superfluous for anything beyond that point, except maybe for explaining minor changes between interfertile finches.(Visited 287 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Whenever you hear “all scientists agree,” watch out. Groupthink may be at work.Climate change is off topic for Creation-Evolution Headlines except as it relates to issues in philosophy of science, such as consensus, that weigh heavily on origins science, too. What’s uncanny about the subject is its resemblance to the creation-evolution debate, where you have a large body of stalwart believers in Big Science but an uncooperative and vocal crowd outside the institutions who are certain the evidence is not supportive of the consensus. First, let’s look at the consensus.The Confident ConsensusLive Science just posted “one simple cartoon” that they say “explains climate change.” That it’s an effective graphic is beyond question. The issue should be, is it accurate? Our Baloney Detector warns about visualization, statistics, and card stacking. As we shall see in the next section, there’s a lot about climate that scientists don’t know. But the consensus crowd is so certain that humans are ruining the planet with fossil fuels and machines, they want to punish anyone who doesn’t go along. Look:Cox: There is ‘absolute consensus’ on climate change (BBC News): The leftist UK news service is happy that professor Brian Cox “verbally sparred with a newly elected Australian politician who believes climate change is a global conspiracy.”Angry voters may turn back the clocks (Current Biology). Michael Gross is angry at the stupid conservatives who voted for Brexit. “Science, the environment, and efforts to mitigate climate change are among the likely casualties when the UK goes through with the exit from the European Union,” he says. “…. electoral success for populists in the US and in France could bring a U-turn for Western civilisation and make it renounce our current ideas of progress.” Isn’t it unusual for a biology journal to comment on climate and politics? That’s how Big Science sees Big Journals: they are mouthpieces for the left. He thinks he can speak freely about “our” ideas of progress (that is, those inside the Big Science institutions).California extends most ambitious climate change law in US (PhysOrg): Leftists and liberal scientists are proud of Governor Jerry Brown for “signing a pair of bills in a Los Angeles park amid opposition from the oil industry, business groups and Republicans.” Note the lack of dialogue. Note the lack of working toward a compromise. To Brown’s supporters, the science is settled, and opponents must kneel.The challenge of climate-change neoskepticism (Science Magazine): Another “elites vs outsiders” article seeks not to understand or convince, but to beat back the opponents. Four authors think the tactics of climate skeptics have shifted. It’s not a time for dialogue. Communication only goes one-way: from The Knowers to The Stupid. “This shift heightens the need for science to inform decision making under uncertainty and to improve communication and education.”Panel offers advice on how to combat climate-change “neoskepticism” (PhysOrg): Bob Yirka’s article borrows Science Magazine’s term and conveys the same one-way communication, but with more bellicose language. The insider panel seeks to “combat” the neoskeptics. Now that they have a name of derision, it should be easier to rouse the troops.What exactly is the scientific method and why do so many people get it wrong? (The Conversation): Peter Ellerton ought to know better. He’s a prof of critical thinking at the University of Queensland, but he presents a very uncritical view of scientism in order to stick the label “pseudoscience” on climate skeptics (as he does, similarly, with evolution skeptics). Ellerton also card stacks his presentation so that he can call a particular straw man a “denier.” Maybe he needs to study the list of papers below – after reviewing whether science has any reliable demarcation criteria (see 5/25/10, 9/15/10 and 12/11/05). Some reminders are in order:“‘Pseudoscience’ is an empty category, a term of abuse, and there is nothing that necessarily links those dubbed pseudoscientists besides their separate alienation from science at the hands of the establishment.” — Michael D. Gordin, Science Oct 10, 2012.“There is no demarcation line between science and non-science, or between science and pseudoscience, which would win assent from a majority of philosophers. Nor is there one which should win acceptance from philosophers or anyone else.” — Larry Laudan, philosopher of science.“Let’s be clear: the work of science has nothing whatever to do with consensus. Consensus is the business of politics. Science, on the contrary, requires only one investigator who happens to be right, which means that he or she has results that are verifiable by reference to the real world. In science consensus is irrelevant. What is relevant is reproducible results. The greatest scientists in history are great precisely because they broke with the consensus.” — Michael Crichton, novelist, to Caltech scientists (see 12/27/03)The Error BarsHow dare the “neoskeptics” doubt what the consensus knows to be true! Yet the skeptics are not without comeback arguments. For instance, what about volcanoes? Snopes.com attempts to debunk a common skeptic claim that one volcano puts out 10,000 times more CO2 than all human activity, but the actual natural emission values may not be clear-cut. Live Science published an article in 2013 by Robin Wylie (University College London), a doctoral candidate in volcanology, alleging that CO2 emissions from volcanoes are “staggering” and possibly much higher than thought.Until the end of the 20th century, the academic consensus was that this volcanic output was tiny — a fiery speck against the colossal anthropogenic footprint. Recently, though, volcanologists have begun to reveal a hidden side to our leaking planet.Exactly how much CO2 passes through the magmatic vents in our crust might be one of the most important questions that Earth science can answer. Volcanoes may have been overtaken in the carbon stakes, but in order to properly assess the consequences of human pollution, we need the reference point of the natural background. And we’re getting there; the last twenty years have seen huge steps in our understanding of how, and how much CO2 leaves the deep Earth. But at the same time, a disturbing pattern has been emerging.He shows how estimates went from 100 million tons to 600 million: a “staggering trend” – a six-fold increase in just two decades. Estimates are based on assumptions, he explains, and there’s still a lot we don’t know. Even inactive craters can vent the invisible greenhouse gas. “As scientific progress is widening our perspective, the daunting outline of how little we really know about volcanoes is beginning to loom large.”It’s important to note that these sources we’re listing still believe in anthropogenic global warming (AGW). The issue is the certainty with which they are able to hold that view, philosophically and evidentially speaking. Their doubts can serve as a “hostile witness” against the consensus.Plant responses to increasing CO2 reduce estimates of climate impacts on drought severity (PNAS): The earth has feedback mechanisms that can compensate for change. The significance of this paper is clear from the start:We show that the water savings that plants experience under high CO2 conditions compensate for much of the effect of warmer temperatures, keeping the amount of water on land, on average, higher than we would predict with common drought metrics, and with a different spatial pattern. The implications of plants needing less water under high CO2 reaches beyond drought prediction to the assessment of climate change impacts on agriculture, water resources, wildfire risk, and vegetation dynamics.Metrics used to assess the impact of rising temperatures have overlooked plant transpiration, they warn. Even if corrections are made, what other factors have been overlooked? That’s the lesson here – not whether the authors believe in AGW. They clearly do. But while inside the consensus, they warn of “significant global-scale biases” in model predictions accepted by the IPCC.The differing sensitivity of drought metrics to radiative and physiological aspects of increasing CO2 partly explains the divergent estimates of future drought reported in recent studies. Further, use of ESM output in offline models may double-count plant feedbacks on relative humidity and other surface variables, leading to overestimates of future stress. The use of drought metrics that account for the response of plant transpiration to changing CO2, including direct use of P-E and soil moisture from ESMs, is needed to reduce uncertainties in future assessment.Briefly Noted: More Sources of DoubtVolcanoes tied to shifts in Earth’s climate over millions of years (PhysOrg): Humans were not even around, according to this article, when “volcanic activity associated with the plate-tectonic movement of continents may be responsible for climatic shifts from hot to cold over tens and hundreds of millions of years throughout much of Earth’s history.”Plants’ ability to adapt could change conventional wisdom on climate change (Science Daily): A study of a forest in Minnesota showed that “the trees acclimated to warmer temperatures and increased their carbon emissions less than expected.”Cloud-seeding surprise could improve climate predictions (Nature): Trees put out more cloud-seeding material than expected, implying that pre-industrial skies might not have been as sunny as thought. If this could improve climate predictions, what does that imply about the accuracy of previous predictions?Marine macroalgae removes large amounts of atmospheric carbon (PhysOrg): See seaweed? It’s a major carbon sink that has been overlooked. “Marine macroalgae [e.g., seaweeds] have largely been excluded from discussion of marine carbon sink,” this article says. “Our understanding of the global carbon cycle has been reshaped by KAUST researchers who have helped to reveal a major role for the abundance of seaweed growing around the world’s coasts… Their estimate is a highly significant 173 trillion grams of carbon sequestered in coastal seaweed, globally, per year.”How El Niño impacts global temperatures (Science Daily): Scientists at Australian National University found that “El Niño oscillations in Pacific Ocean may have amplified global climate fluctuations for hundreds of years at a time.” That makes it a little harder to predict what is happening right now or will happen in the next few decades.Climate science: Unexpected fix for ocean models (Nature): The fact that this was an “unexpected fix” should raise eyebrows. What other unknown unknowns are out there in the climate science models?A multistage crucible of revision and approval shapes IPCC policymaker summaries (Science Advances): A team explores the human element of IPCC consensus setting. They clearly approve of the consensus, but recognize that reaching consensus requires “a multistage crucible of revision and approval, as individuals together navigate complex science-policy terrain.” They think that failure to reach consensus would be a bad thing, even though they recognize doing so requires “inevitable trade-offs, tensions, and potential conflicts between increasing policy relevance and impact and maintaining scientific credibility in interactions among experts and decision-makers.”Climate scientists are more credible when they practice what they preach (Science Daily): It goes without saying that hypocrisy is not going to change the minds of climate-change skeptics. Well, duh; “scientists should practice what they preach if they want their advice on reducing energy use to have greater credibility.”These are just a few of the potential error bars from recent articles and scientific papers. They may or may not collectively change the conclusions of the consensus. What they do indicate, though, is the potential for scientific institutions to exaggerate the evidence. There are too many unknowns. Models can be rigged when political or economic pressure is strong. Science cannot eliminate the human element. All humans need to watch out for groupthink.The contrast is striking: consensus confidence vs evidential error. We see the same thing in the Darwin debates. Both tend to fall along party lines, too: conservatives more skeptical of climate change and Darwin, liberals the opposite. Wesley J. Smith bravely doubts consensus-mongers at Evolution News & Views in his article about “The dire threat of neo-skepticism.”We hope this brief diversion onto another topic than origins sheds some light on the nature of “political” science, whatever the subject.(Visited 80 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0