Central American Youth in Danger

first_imgBy Dialogo April 01, 2011 Law Prohibiting Gangs, Association and Organizations of a Criminal Nature: Forbids the existence, legalization, financial support of the gangs or groups involved in criminal activities. Juvenile Justice Law: Regulates the rights of minors who might have taken part in criminal activity; determines the severity of measures applied to minors involved in criminal activities. The Northern Triangle of Central America — composed of El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras — has the highest murder rate of any region in the world, according to the U.N. office on Drugs and Crime. Many of the victims are children and adolescents. “We are burying kids all the time,” said José Manuel Capellín, the head of Casa Alianza, a children’s charity in Honduras, in a November 2010 article in the United Kingdom newspaper The Guardian. Central American youth trying to escape family and socio-economic issues are willingly or forcefully recruited into gangs, where they become victims of drug-related violence, explained Rubén Rivas Pereda, child protection officer with UNICEF Guatemala, during an interview with Diálogo. “ You do this errand for me, or I kill your family,’ and here the murder threats are fulfilled,” said Rivas. A high percentage of minors who die violent deaths are those who have been forced by organized crime to commit illegal acts, according to the 2009 annual report of Guatemala’s Human Rights office. “It is the issue of Central America,” said Dora Alicia Muñoz Aguilar, protection consultant for UNICEF Guatemala, during a Diálogo interview. SOURCES: Smithsonian Magazine, The guardian, Center for Security Policy, Inter Press Service, The Latin American Faculty of Social Sciences-Guatemala, U.S. Department of State SOURCES: El Salvador’s Ministry of Justice and Public Security, Organization of American States, Honduras’ Ministry of Security, Government of Guatemala Guatemala Prevention Programs El salvador, Guatemala and Honduras have taken country-specific actions to offset the social dynamics that lead Central american youth to gangs. Each has implemented laws and programs for the prevention of gangs and the reintegration of gang members into society. They also have specialized training for police and judicial personnel. center_img Honduras Open Schools Program: Public schools are open over the weekend and provide workshops in art, theater, crafts and computer skills to provide children and adolescents with positive recreational outlets. This program was originated in Brazil. Safe Schools Program: Increased police and security cameras around school zones. This program was initiated in Mexico. Law to Prevent Juvenile Violence: A legal framework to promote a Program for the Prevention of Youth Violence that establishes educational, recreational, social and mental health models. Illegal drugs flow through Central America from South America and elsewhere to Mexico and the United States. Weapons flow south from the U.S. and north from the Andean region, ultimately circulating within Central America, adding to the violence. “The issue is that part of those drugs stay, part of those weapons stay, and then the issue of violence stays,” said Muñoz Aguilar. In El Salvador, the national homicide rate is high — 50 per 100,000 inhabitants — with more than 60 percent of youth deaths attributed to gang violence, said Jeannette Aguilar, director of the University Public opinion Institute, or IUDoP, at the José Simeón Cañas Central American University in El Salvador, citing figures from El Salvador’s Legal Institute of Medicine. In Guatemala, UNICEF data indicates that more than 300 minors died violent deaths in the first six months of 2010. The presence of gangs in Guatemala is a serious challenge, according to Luis Fleischman, senior advisor for the Menges Hemispheric Security Project at the nonprofit organization Center for Security Policy in Washington, D.C., in an article for www.offnews.info. Fleischman noted that gangs carry out the majority of extortion cases, kidnappings and assassinations as well as traffic in undocumented immigrants and drugs across the borders, with a focus on narcotics distribution. As drug transit continues, the presence of transnational organized crime entities also increases. The corresponding violence from illicit activities is causing the rise of youth homicides, according to Aguilar, IUDOP director. Aguilar echoes the fact that the gangs traffic drugs at the micro level — within neighborhoods — and youth deaths can be attributed to narcotraffickers’ personnel losses or settling scores, since they use these adolescents as cheap labor force. The problem of high youth death rates in the Northern Triangle of Central America is presently the focus of a number of government and non-governmental organization initiatives that address the gang problem from the law enforcement and social development angle. El Salvador Education to Resist and Avoid the Maras: A gang prevention program for fifth- and sixth- graders. Challenge: Gang prevention program for teenagers that explores themes related to drugs, sexuality and other influences. Awake: A program specifically designed for parents to provide gang prevention information. Basic Knowledge of the Maras: A course for judges, prosecutors and police to understand the basics of gang dynamics. last_img read more

Securing Borders on Land and at Sea

first_imgBy Geraldine Cook/Diálogo January 16, 2018 When Commissioner Michel-Ange Gédéon assumed his position as director general of the National Police of Haiti (PNH) on April 8, 2016, he promised to keep working to professionalize the 15,000 members of the institution. After 20 months in office, he continues to work on his pledge.Commissioner Gédéon participated at the 16th annual Caribbean Nations Security Conference (CANSEC), held in Georgetown, Guyana from December 6-7 2017. CANSEC’s participants discussed the regional efforts to counter transregional and transnational threat networks (T3N). Commissioner Gédéon spoke with Diálogo about his first participation in CANSEC, Haiti’s security threats, and PNH efforts to secure the borders to protect the country from drug trafficking and criminal international networks.Diálogo: What is the importance of Haiti’s participation in CANSEC?Commissioner Michel-Ange Gédéon, director general of PNH: The threats are the same everywhere in the region, and the best way we can address them is by information sharing. We cannot share information if there’s no contact amongst leaders in the region. I’m interested in having CANSEC in Haiti, also.Diálogo: Is terrorism a major security concern for Haiti?Commissioner Gédéon: Fortunately, no, but we observe what’s going on in foreign countries. Our observation pushed us to be more focused on the existence of mosques in Haiti. Although terrorism is not a threat to us currently, we’re preparing to prevent terrorist activities in the future.Diálogo: What are the security threats that Haiti faces?Commissioner Gédéon: In the recent past, we’ve been dealing with kidnappings and murder, however, today there is a huge decrease in both. Our concern is about drug trafficking. We do not produce drugs, but Haiti is seen as a transshipment colony. There are lots of weaknesses in terms of control of our borders—land, maritime, ports, and airports—, but we are working to have total control of our boundaries. We receive drugs, especially in the southern part of Haiti, in Les Cayes, Grand’Anse, an area close to Jamaica and Colombia. We are currently making huge efforts to address this issue and information sharing is the key to our success.Diálogo: What other efforts is Haiti undertaking to control the vulnerability of its borders?Commissioner Gédéon: We started implementing our border police project with the specialized unit called PoliFront, whose fundamental mission is the security of the border and the fight against T3N. We’ve been working with the Haitian Coast Guard on reinforcing our capacity by purchasing vessels and increasing personnel. We have joint efforts by the Anti-Drug Unit and the Haitian Coast Guard in some areas to fight drugs, arms, and human trafficking.Diálogo: Along with drug trafficking, Haiti has been dealing with the proliferation of illegal gangs. How does PNH address this situation?Commissioner Gédéon: Back in 2000 we had some red zones like Aquin-Sud, Cité Soleil, Martissant area, Grand Avin, and Bel Air, but we pacified all those areas with the joint efforts between MINUSTAH [United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti]) and PNH. However, gun circulation remains a huge concern, especially when those gang members are related to politicians, it complicates the police work. Today, I can guarantee that PNH has better control of gang activities in the country. We know their identity, and we’re looking for them.Diálogo: How have PNH responsibilities shifted following MINUSTAH’s conclusion in Haiti in October 2017?Commissioner Gédéon: PNH has always done their job despite the fact that we had MINUSTAH presence in Haiti. For example, we had recent elections without violence, and our force was responsible for the security. We had events like the Haitian Carnival that drew large crowds and we handled it successfully.With the conclusion of MINUSTAH, PNH is more focused on the transfer of competences from MINUSTAH to our personnel in terms of managing staff and resources, so we can have tools and techniques to maintain security. We are in the process of choosing those MINUSTAH positions with expertise in areas like human resources, logistics, and intelligence so we can transfer and share their skills with our PNH. When it’s time for them to leave, the United Nations will be sure that our forces can do the job without additional support.Diálogo: Is there a time-frame for this transfer to take place?Commissioner Gédéon: Two years. We are looking at 2019.Diálogo: Does PNH work with other military forces in the region to counter transnational threats?Commissioner Gédéon: We’ve developed a good relationship with all of our partners in the region. We also have a good relationship with the FBI [Federal Bureau of Investigation] to combat drugs. We have initiatives to hold police or security meetings with our partners from Dominican Republic and Jamaica, and many of our officers are trained in countries like the United States, Chile, Ecuador, and Colombia. We’ve sent our people to receive training and they come back using their skills to help with all types of trafficking and crimes.Diálogo: How will PNH work with the reinstated national army?Commissioner Gédéon: After the dismantling of the Haitian Army in 1994, the police took over their position. After 22 years, it’s going to be a new experience again working with an army after the decision was made by authorities on November 18th, 2017 to remobilize it. The police’s mission is to serve and protect the life and goods of citizens while the Army will be focused on defending the territory, medical, aviation, and the environment, among many other responsibilities. It seems we can operate together, each at our own level.Diálogo: What accomplishments did PNH attain in 2017?Commissioner Gédéon: The gender unit is one of our accomplishments, as it is our will to have a larger percentage of women inside the force. We also worked on the concept of community policing and the PoliFront. We were able to investigate the behavior of our personnel with the reinforcement of the Internal Affairs Office. Our success is also about the transparency of our force. We are in the process of building a good relationship with the community and the public in general.Diálogo: What is your message to the region?Commissioner Gédéon: Threats are the same everywhere, and the police are unique everywhere. We need to get together to address those threats; alone we cannot, but together, we can.last_img read more

Get to know Tania Perez

first_img 6SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr Continuing our get-to-know series, this blog post features Tania Perez, client support specialist for Coopera.How did you end up working for a company focused on helping credit unions serve the Hispanic market?As a Latina, I have always wanted to work in a position where I would be able to help my community. When my friend reached out to me about this position, I didn’t hesitate to apply. Credit unions care about their members, and working for a company that works with credit unions to serve the Hispanic community is not only remarkable; it’s something that really stood out to me.What gets you out of bed in the morning?My family. I have always strived to make my parents proud. They have done so much for me, more than I will ever be able to repay them for. I also want to be a good role model for my younger brother. I want to show him that happiness comes in the form of doing what you love and that anything is possible.What does your typical day look like?In my role, I ensure Coopera’s products and services are properly delivered and fulfilled. This includes assessing and reporting, consulting, training, marketing and translating. Still being new to the Coopera family, I am learning a lot about the company, our clients… and plenty of acronyms! continue reading »last_img read more

Pavia local electrocuted

first_imgILOILO City – In Barangay Pandac, Pavia,Iloilo a man was electrocuted. Feleciano Sucorin sustained burns on theboth of his hands, a police report showed. Sucorin – a resident of the village – accidentallytouched an exposed electrical wire around 11 a.m. on Jan. 8, the report added. center_img He was rushed to the Western VisayasMedical Center in Mandurria district for treatment./PNlast_img

Bulldog Harriers Win Hosted Quad Meet

first_imgThe Batesville High School Cross Country Team finished out their regular season tonight with a quad meet against East Central, Franklin County and Lawrenceburg at Batesville as the Bulldogs also honored their 5 seniors after the meet.Both the girls and the boys team ran very well and finished the night claiming the 1st place spots. Girls scored just 26 points to East Central’s 41, Franklin County 68 and Lawrenceburg 109. Batesville’s Lily Pinckley came in first for the meet crossing the line at 20:13. The Bulldogs claimed 5 more of the top 10 spots as Liz Loichinger placed 3rd, Trysta Vierling, 5th, Sarah Ripperger, Katie Olsen and Maria Lopez came in 8th, 9th and 10th respectively. In the boys race, Batesville was very close to earning a perfect score, with only 17 points as they took 1st-4th and 7th.Winning the meet and leading Batesville was Ean Loichinger with a time of 16:54. He was followed by Adam Moster, Joshua Myers and Benjamin Moster (2nd-4th). Senior, Nathan Eckstein placed 7th to finishing out the scoring 5. Also placing in the top 15 were Luke Esser, 10th and Dillon Murray, 11th.On the JV side, the top 10 were honored and the Batesville girls claimed the top 5 spots with senior Britany Venis leading the way. The other 4 Bulldogs were Carly Fitzpatrick, Alyssa Linville, Sophie Brown and Kate Poltrack. For the boys, Batesville also had 5 in the top 10, and coming in 1st was Daren Smith. Nathan Villani was 5th, Landon Gutzwiller, 6th, Alex Livers, 7th and Luke Nuhring, 9th.The Bulldogs did have one personal best for the evening and that goes to Zach Gutzwiller! Great finish to the season dogs! Next up is the Sectional Competition which will be this coming Saturday hosted by South Dearborn at Moores Hill. Action starts with the girls race at 10:30. Come cheer on the Bulldogs as they will fight for a championship and a chance to move on to Regional Competition the following Saturday at Shelbyville. Good luck DOGS!!!Courtesy of Bulldogs Coach Lisa Gausman.last_img read more

Short identifies next manager

first_img The 61-year-old was shown the door on Saturday night just hours after his side lost 1-0 at home to Manchester United – a decision former Reading manager Steve Coppell described as a “spoilt-brat reaction”. Press Association Sport understands Short has drawn up a shortlist of potential successors headed by a man he believes can reinvigorate the squad for a seven-game run-in which will determine where the Black Cats will play their football next season. Press Association Sunderland owner Ellis Short has identified his number one target for the vacant manager’s job at the Stadium of Light after dispensing with the services of Martin O’Neill.center_img They are currently just a point above the Barclays Premier League relegation zone after a run of eight games without a win. Former England boss Steven McClaren, whose second spell at Dutch club FC Twente came to an end last month, was swiftly installed at the top of the bookmakers’ list of candidates, although sources close to the 51-year-old have since distanced him from the speculation. It is understood there had been no contact with former QPR manager Mark Hughes, while the man who took the Champions League trophy to Chelsea, Roberto Di Matteo, is not thought to be interested. Former Swindon boss Paolo Di Canio’s odds shortened considerably overnight while Brighton’s Gus Poyet was also receiving strong support, although Sunderland are keeping their own counsel over their main target. The new man will be Sunderland’s fifth manager in a little more than four years, and the first the Texan will have chosen since Niall Quinn’s departure as chairman. And Coppell feels that tendency to chop and change is indicative of the approach of overseas owners. “You can only presume there was some dialogue after the game,” he told BBC Radio Five Live. “We are in the realms, I’m afraid, of spoilt-brat reactions because it is their toy. They don’t understand the history and heritage of British football – there are so many foreign owners, I have nothing against that, but there is a way of doing things in English football that has now gone out of the window.” last_img read more

Christiansburg-Wismar end MILO group stages undefeated

first_imgLinden’s Christianburg-Wismar Secondary School (CWSS) continued its unbeaten streak in the ongoing Milo schools Football tournament.The side produced a 4-0 rout of Friendship Secondary to close off the round-robin phase of the 2019 tournament with a brace fromTyrese Lewis (12th and 57th).Single strikes from Felix Innis (1st) and Andre Meyers (9th) ensured that the goals were never in short supply.Friendship was unable to muster up a serious challenge to goal.In the second game of the day, it was a back and forth affair between Vergenoegen and Charlestown.Ronaldo Macey of the West Demerara side opened the scoring in the 13th minute before Anthone Vascancellos 22nd minute-goal brought the scales back level.Two minutes later, as if on cue, Macey scored his second in the 24th.As the game wore on, things seemed to be going all Vergenoegen’s way before Vascancellos’ 43rd-minute strike brought things level. Carlos Agard’s 48th-minute strike tipped the game in favour of the Georgetown side which held to the final whistle.The scoreline was the same as Tucville beat Tutorial 3-2 with Shawn Lewis’ brace in the 12th and 32nd and Klem Semple’s 15th- minute strike being the deciding factors.Dellon Harry’s 27th-minute strike coupled with Stephan Millington’s 52n- minute goal were Tutorial’s strikes.last_img read more

McAlmont, Dindyal put GCC in commanding position over GYO

first_imgGANDHI Youth Organisation (GYO) endured a frustrating opening day of the GISE/Star Party Rentals/Trophy Stall first-division two-day match, as hosts Georgetown Cricket Club (GCC), built a 55-run first-innings lead when play ended yesterday at Bourda.The hosts, with consecutive weekend wins, reached 156-7 at the close, responding to GYO first-innings 101 all out in 53.3 overs.Asked to bat first, GYO openers Yeudistir Persaud and Anand Bharat put together a decent first-wicket stand of 35 runs before Bharat was removed by off-spinner Stephon Wilson (2-24).Bharat’s dismissal triggered a batting collapse where the visitors lost their nine remaining wickets for just 66 runs.Bharat struck two boundaries in his 35 while Persaud, who also struck two boundaries top-scored with 41. They were the only two batsmen to reach double figures.GYO innings was hurt by outstanding off-spin bowling from Thimoty McAlmont, who claimed 4-15. Pacers, captain Ronaldo Ali-Mohamed (2-16), and Bernard Bailey (1-16), were the two other successful bowlers.In reply, GCC slipped to 20-4 with off-spinner Trevon France claiming three of the four wickets. He had both openers Eon Rodrigues (4) and Jeetendra Sookdeo (2), along with McAlmont (0), while Ali-Mohamed who struck a four and six then went hit-wicket off Neiland Cadogan for 20.At that point Mavindra Dindyal and Carlos La Rose then took the score to 101 with some measured batting. During the period Dindyal, who was one of three Guyanese who toured UK with the West Indies Under-16 squad recently, reached his half-century.However, as the partnership looked to blossom, off-spinner Divesh Ramjattan removed La Rose for 24. France then returned for a second spell and accounted for Zachary Jodah (1) and Dindyal for a composed 66 to complete his five-wicket haul. France has so far taken 5-51 off 15 overs. Dindyal struck five sweetly-timed fours and two sixes.Bailey and Darius Andrews will resume today on 7 and 0 respectively.last_img read more

Rivers Angels Win Maiden NWFL Champions Shield

first_imgRivers Angels yesterday emerged the best female football club in the country after defeating Nasarawa Amazons 4-3 in a penalty shootout to win the maiden edition of the Nigeria Women Football League (NWFL) Champions Shield.Scores at regulation time was one-all before the dame dragged into shootout at the Agege Stadium.Rivers Angels who were beaten by the same Nasarawa team in the NWFL Super 4 Tournament in Benin City late last year however got their pound of flesh in the Champions Shield competition meant to determine the best female team between the winner of the league and the Aiteo (Federation) Cup.Alice Ogebe scored the opening goal of the game in the 42nd minute for River Angels with a header.  Ejalonibu cancelled out that advantage in the 58th minute to level scores for the Amazons.The goal by Ogebe deep into the second half for Angels that would have prevented the game from dragging into shootout was however ruled offside.Chief Coach of the Rivers Angels, Edwin Okon, told THISDAY that he was the happiest person yesterday winning the maiden Champions Shield sponsored by Lagos State.“I am the happiest person today for my team to emerge winners of the maiden Champions Shield. It confers on us as the best team in the country. For us (River United) as the winners of the Aiteo Cup to defeat the League champions means we are the best in Nigeria,” enthused Edwin who is former chief coach of the Super Falcons.Share this:FacebookRedditTwitterPrintPinterestEmailWhatsAppSkypeLinkedInTumblrPocketTelegramlast_img read more

CAS Rejects Valcke’s Ban Appeal

first_imgx-default On the trip to India he was accompanied by his wife and one son. On the flight to St Petersburg, for the World Cup preliminary draw, he was accompanied by his wife, his daughter, a nanny and his two sons, one of whom had been flown in from Sao Paulo, Brazil to Zurich in business class at FIFA’s expense. CAS said the private jet cost “$71 699 which was never deducted from Mr. Valcke’s salary”.In May 2015, just before Sepp Blatter was re-elected as FIFA president, 14 delegates were arrested in Zurich.The ruling stated that “according to the Appellant’s testimony at CAS he was only following Mr. Blatter’s directions to not travel on commercial flights to avoid arrest, which in itself is manifestly not a valid reason for a law-abiding individual.”The court also found that Valcke had been guilty of a conflict of interest, which he failed to disclose, in helping his son Sebastien secure a job with virtual reality company EON, which was about to sign a contract for the 2014 World Cup.The court also found that Valcke, a former journalist, had destroyed evidence despite being warned not to by Fifa’s legal advisors, deleting at least “1 034 files or folders…between 24 September and 11 October 2015 (the day before handing over his work laptop to FIFA.)”The court also found that Valcke profited from allocating extra 2014 World Cup tickets to middle men and then profiting from their black-market sale.Valcke, along with Nasser Al-Khelaifi, president of Paris Saint-Germain and chairman and CEO of beIN Media, is also the subject of criminal proceedings by the Swiss courts for “private corruption” in connection with World Cup media rights.Valcke, who is 57, is now based in the Barcelona region where he has set up a company called OMV Frontline which specialises in organising and managing sporting, artistic and fashion events.Share this:FacebookRedditTwitterPrintPinterestEmailWhatsAppSkypeLinkedInTumblrPocketTelegram The Court of Arbitration for Sports (CAS) yesterday ruled against the former FIFA Secretary General, Jerome Valcke against an appeal on ban on him.Valcke used private jets for himself and his family and exploited his position as FIFA scribe to help his son to win a job.He was also implicated in the resale of match tickets for the 2014 World Cup, was fighting a 10-year FIFA ban. CAS found against him in a ruling issued on Monday night.Between January 2011 and September 2013, private jet flights by FIFA executives cost $11.7 million (9.9 million euros), with Valcke largely responsible, according to the CAS statement on the decision. In 2013, the FIFA director of finance sent Valcke an email asking him to find “more cost efficient alternatives wherever possible”.During his time as general secretary, Valcke “took four trips which were inconsistent with FIFA’s travel policies and regulations…on which he was accompanied by family members at the expense of FIFA,” said the ruling. These were to Delhi and the Taj Mahal and from London to Manchester in 2012, to Doha in 2013 and to St. Petersburg in July 2015.last_img read more