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The Garden / Eike Becker Architekten

first_img “COPY” Housing Photographs:  Jens Willebrand Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project 2016 CopyAbout this officeEike Becker ArchitektenOfficeFollowProductsWoodConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousingBerlinGermanyPublished on May 25, 2017Cite: “The Garden / Eike Becker Architekten” 25 May 2017. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Browse the CatalogAluminium CompositesTechnowoodHow to Design a Façade with AluProfile Vertical ProfilesRailing / BalustradesMitrexIntegrated Photovoltaic Railing – BIPV RailingMetal PanelsAurubisCopper Alloy: Nordic RoyalShelvingZeitraumWardrobe – Hide & ParkSignage / Display SystemsGoppionDisplay Case – Qd-ClassConcrete FloorsSikaIndustrial Floor CoatingsStonesCosentinoSurfaces – Silestone® Stone SeriesWindowsOTTOSTUMM | MOGSWindow Systems – FerroFinestra W20Panels / Prefabricated AssembliesULMA Architectural SolutionsMIS Facade PanelUrban ShadingPunto DesignPavilion – TentChairsInterstuhlConference Chair – Low With CastorsWoodreSAWN TIMBER co.Pre-Weathered Wood CladdingMore products »Save想阅读文章的中文版本吗?园 / Eike Becker 建筑师事务所是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my stream The Garden / Eike Becker ArchitektenSave this projectSaveThe Garden / Eike Becker Architekten Photographs ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOr Clipboard ArchDaily Year:  Save this picture!© Jens Willebrand+ 22 Sharecenter_img The Garden / Eike Becker Architekten Architects: Eike Becker Architekten Area Area of this architecture project CopyHousing•Berlin, Germany Projects “COPY” Manufacturers: GIRA, Duravit, Hormann, Saint-Gobain, SchücoFire Protection:hhpberlinUrban Development:Machleidt GmbHSupporting Structure:Professor Pfeifer und Partner Ingenieurbüro für TragwerksplanungBuilding Services:Ingenieurgesellschaft Ridder und Meyn mbHOutdoor Facilities:Topotek 1Space Efficiency:81%Residential Units:281Rented Flats:161Owner Occupied Flats:120Commercial Units:6Budget:54 Mio. EuroCity:BerlinCountry:GermanyMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Jens WillebrandRecommended ProductsDoorsJansenDoors – Folding and SlidingMetallicsTECU®Copper Surface – Classic CoatedEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesFranken-SchotterFacade System –  LINEADoorsLinvisibileLinvisibile Curved Hinged Door | AlbaText description provided by the architects. In August 2016 the new residential district “The Garden” with owner-occupied as well as rented flats was completed. Directly in the middle of Berlin, across from the new headquarter of the German Secret Service, a complex of buildings with 5 to 7 above-ground levels was built. 161 exquisite rented flats, 115 owner-occupied flats, 7 commercial units and 88 underground parking spaces find a place there now.Save this picture!© Jens WillebrandSpacious patios, cantilevered balconies as well as the wonderfully arranged city garden give “The Garden” its name. Calm courtyards and secluded, idyllic gardens provide greenery and create places of retreat. Plastic building structures and diverse intertwined facades shape the appearance of this superferent design.Save this picture!DrawingThe building complex was developed on Chausseestrasse, the oldest route between the center of Berlin and the district of Wedding, right where the former border area between West and East Berlin left a desolate, empty lot in the nineties. The concept for the site is based on forerunners from the nineteenth century. For example, Riehmer’s Hofgarten in the district of Kreuzberg and the Amelia Park in the district of Pankow are ensembles of magnificent residential buildings that cover a quarter or even half of an entire neighborhood, each with narrow pathways and green spaces that lead from one street to another.Save this picture!© Jens WillebrandThe attractiveness of The Garden is rooted in a similar design. Rising seven stories at their full height, the front buildings with apartments as well as office spaces along Chausseestrasse form a gate. A walkway leads from the opening between the two flat- topped towers, pointing toward the neo-Gothic chapel of the cemetery of the Cathedral Parish and passing three small, green inner courtyards.Save this picture!Courtesy of Eike Becker ArchitektenSave this picture!Houses 3, 4 and 5 – Floor PlanSave this picture!Courtesy of Eike Becker ArchitektenAdjacent to the building on the northwest are four townhouses and adjacent to the office building on the southeast are nine. Each townhouse has seven stories with the top two floors designed in penthouse style. The fact that all the townhouses have small gardens to the rear – hence the name “The Garden” – is a rarity for such a centrally located property in Berlin.Save this picture!© Jens WillebrandProject gallerySee allShow lessGraham Foundation Awards 2017 Grants for 72 Innovative Architectural ProjectsArchitecture NewsHow Starbucks Uses BIM and VR to Bring Local Spirit to its Japan LocationsArticlesProject locationAddress:Chausseestraße 57, 10115 Berlin, GermanyLocation to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address. Share ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOr Clipboard Germany Area:  37200 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project last_img read more

Northern Bank to distribute £100,000

first_img About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of Researching massive growth in giving. Tagged with: Ireland Northern Bank to distribute £100,000 Applications are available from Northern Bank branches and must be endorsed by a local branch manager. Howard Lake | 22 June 2006 | Newscenter_img AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis One of Northern Ireland’s leading banks, the Northern, has established a community fund worth £100,000. The money will be allocated on a geographic basis within Northern Ireland with grants up to £5,000.Each region — Belfast, East, North and South and West — will have £25,000 to allocate in 2006. Grants will be between £500-£5,000, with only one award to each group in each two year period. All groups who are involved in knowledge, culture and recreational sports locally can apply for support. A steering group in each Northern Bank region will assess applications for support. The closing date for applications is 29th September with awards distributed in November. Advertisement  20 total views,  2 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThislast_img read more

Court lifts travel ban on ailing newspaper editor

first_img News On Libyan revolution’s 10th anniversary, authorities urged to guarantee press freedom LibyaMiddle East – North Africa Receive email alerts Reporters Without Borders hails a 21 August decision by a special court in Tripoli headed by Judge Ali Zwai to return Al-Umma editor Amara Al-Khitabi’s passport and remove him from a list of people banned from leaving the country.The decision was issued after Khitabi’s lawyer, Ramadam Farag Salem, submitted a detailed medical report showing that his ailing client needed to travel to Tunisia to receive appropriate treatment.Khitabi was arrested last December after publishing a list of 87 judges and prosecutors allegedly accused of corruption and embezzlement in November. Held for four months in Hadba prison, he was finally released on 21 April after a hunger strike that aggravated his poor health.Following this week’s belated court victory, Salem intends to ask the constitutional court (which is attached to the supreme court) to strike down article 195 of the penal code, which dates from deposed dictator Muammar Gaddafi’s era and was used to arrest Khitabi.The article says that “anyone who insults the popular authority or a judicial, defence or security institution” can be punished by three to 15 years in prison.Reporters Without Borders points out that freedom of expression and freedom of information are of fundamental importance in any democratic society. Transparency and the role played by the media are essential in combatting corruption, in particular.The media freedom organization therefore urges the Libyan authorities to apply the press code to all cases involving journalists and to decriminalize defamation in line with international human rights standards. RSF_en News August 25, 2013 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Court lifts travel ban on ailing newspaper editor Six imprisoned journalists to finally appear in court in Istanbul February 23, 2021 Find out more Well-known Libyan journalist missing since his arrestcenter_img News June 24, 2020 Find out more Help by sharing this information LibyaMiddle East – North Africa December 17, 2019 Find out more Organisation News to go further Follow the news on Libyalast_img read more

Beer and Wine Duke it Out During Art Center 100 “Grains vs. Grapes” Fundraising Dinner to Support Scholarship Students at Art Center College of Design

first_img The gloves are off as Art Center College of Design’s longest serving community volunteer group—Art Center 100—hosts “Grains vs. Grapes,” an evening of bare-knuckle competition between beer and wine to raise money for Art Center 100 Scholarships. Working with Executive Chef Jean-Marc Weber and Wine Steward Eric Moe at the historic California Club, the Art Center 100 arranged a three-course dinner with each round paired by a grain and a grape. Votes were tallied live while guests of the unique and irreverent fundraising event decide on the winning libation. The bout took place last night at The California Club in Downtown Los Angeles on Wednesday, May 7.“Grains vs. Grapes is one way we hope to increase awareness of Art Center, its reputation for excellence, and its talented student body,” said Ann Dobson Barrett, president of Art Center 100. “Scholarships were deemed the most important need when the group was founded over 28 years ago and Art Center President Lorne Buchman says the need is now greater than ever. To support young artists and designers we hope to raise even more money for scholarships with this event, while also making friends and having fun.”Founded in 1987, Art Center 100 awards more than $100,000 annually to both undergraduate and graduate students who might otherwise be unable to afford a quality education. Scholarships allow the most talented and promising students to attend Art Center College of Design, regardless of their financial circumstance. In appreciation of their scholarship support, members of Art Center 100 are invited to many of the College’s gallery openings, symposia and special events, and attend luncheons and informative programs led by Art Center faculty and educational leaders. The group also organizes its own events, including private tours of artists’ studios, visits to places of interest around the community and dynamic activities like Grains vs. Grapes.The Art Center 100 Board is currently led by President Ann Dobson Barrett and Vice President Hilary Crahan, with oversight from founding chairman and Art Center Trustee Alyce Williamson. The Grains vs. Grapes Committee is comprised of members Bea Bennett, Ann Dobson Barrett, Carolyn Barrett, Hilary Crahan, Emily Hancock, Carol Henry, Robert Huntley, Gloria Renwick, Joni Smith and Alyce Williamson. Media partners include Outlook Newspapers and Pasadena Now.Art Center College of DesignFounded in 1930 and located in Pasadena, California, Art Center College of Design ( is a global leader in art and design education. Art Center offers 11 undergraduate and six graduate degrees in a wide variety of visual and applied arts as well as industrial design disciplines. In addition to its top-ranked academic programs, the College also serves members of the Greater Los Angeles region through a highly regarded series of year-round educational programs for all ages and levels of experience. Renowned for both its ties to industry and social impact initiatives, Art Center is the first design school to receive the United Nations’ Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) status. Throughout the College’s long and storied history, Art Center alumni have had a profound impact on popular culture, the way we live and important issues in our society. HerbeautyStop Eating Read Meat (Before It’s Too Late)HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyAt 9 Years Old, This Young Girl Dazzled The World Of FashionHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty10 Special Massage Techniques That Will Make You Return For MoreHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyThese Are 15 Great Style Tips From Asian WomenHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyA Mental Health Chatbot Which Helps People With DepressionHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyThese Lipsticks Are Designed To Make Your Teeth Appear Whiter!HerbeautyHerbeauty Benefits Beer and Wine Duke it Out During Art Center 100 “Grains vs. Grapes” Fundraising Dinner to Support Scholarship Students at Art Center College of Design STAFF REPORTS | Photography by Art Center Alumna JENNIE WARREN Published on Thursday, May 8, 2014 | 2:23 pm Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena Make a comment 13 recommended0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes Top of the News Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * Community Newscenter_img First Heatwave Expected Next Week Subscribe EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday Business News Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy More Cool Stuff Community News Name (required)  Mail (required) (not be published)  Website last_img read more

Suicide support groups report increase in calls following Donegal tragedies

first_img Pinterest Suicide support groups report increase in calls following Donegal tragedies Google+ Twitter 75 positive cases of Covid confirmed in North 365 additional cases of Covid-19 in Republic Gardai continue to investigate Kilmacrennan fire WhatsApp Google+ Facebook RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Newscenter_img Facebook Pinterest By News Highland – December 29, 2012 Previous articleHigh Winds: Motorists urged to take care – power returned to most homesNext articleHouses evacuated due to Derry security alert News Highland Man arrested on suspicion of drugs and criminal property offences in Derry It’s emerged that money that had been ear-marked for suicide prevention and mental health services this year was used to cover over-runs in other parts of the health service.The Irish Times reports this morning that under plans announced a year ago, 35 million euro was to be invested in hiring 414 new staff and to expand services in the community in the area of suicide prevention.The newspaper has found that only 17 mental health staff have been hired under these plans and that the money was used in other areas of the HSE.Meanwhile Suicide charities have reported soaring contacts and donations in the wake of the deaths of junior minister Shane McEntee and the Gallagher sisters in Donegal.One charity revealed to the Irish Independent its donations had jumped by 50pc while Pieta House, which is rapidly expanding its counselling and support services, revealed its level of contacts had risen by 30pc-plus in the wake of the tragedies. Twitter Further drop in people receiving PUP in Donegal WhatsApp Main Evening News, Sport and Obituaries Tuesday May 25th last_img read more

Troy Nutrition Center helps tornado victim

first_img “We are making monetary donations to Rubie,” she said. “There is no reason to donate household items because right now she has no place to put anything. Her home is gone. When she is able to get a place to live, she can use the monetary donations to replace the things she has lost. “We feel like there are those in the community that would like to support to Rubie and we want to offer them this opportunity,” Deveridge said. Latest Stories Published 3:00 am Thursday, May 4, 2017 Plans underway for historic Pike County celebration The Troy Nutrition Center is caring for one of its own.The home of Rubie Jewel Townsend, a longtime volunteer with the center, was destroyed when a tornado touched down along Highway 29 north in Troy on Thursday.“Rubie has been such a jewel at the Troy Nutrition Center for a long time,” said Shelia Deveridge, center director. “She is a dedicated volunteer. She helps in the kitchen and anywhere else she is needed. She was pushing the milk and juice cart on Thursday when they came to tell her that her home had been destroyed.” Monetary donations may be mailed to Rubie Townsend, c/o Troy Nutrition Center, 498 East Walnut Street, Troy, AL 36081 or dropped off at the center. For more information, call the Troy Nutrition Center at 674-2484 or 372-2860. Troy falls to No. 13 Clemson WATER FEST: Local students learn at annual Pike County Ground Water Festival For 15 years, Troy University has hosted the Pike County Ground Water Festival in an effort to promote environmental awareness… read more Print Article Remember America’s heroes on Memorial Day Sponsored Content By The Penny Hoardercenter_img Book Nook to reopen Skip The Penny Hoarder Issues “Urgent” Alert: 6 Companies… Email the author You Might Like Deveridge said Townsend lost everything when the tornado literally flipped her mobile home upside down.“We were all heartbroken for her,” she said. “Here at the Troy Nutrition Center we are like family. We are family. We support each other through good times and bad times. We wanted to reach out to Rubie in her time of real need.”Deveridge said the “family” at the Troy Nutrition Center is inviting the community to join its efforts to help ease the burden of Townsend’s devastating loss. Pike County Sheriff’s Office offering community child ID kits By Jaine Treadwell Troy Nutrition Center helps tornado victim Around the WebIf You Have Ringing Ears Do This Immediately (Ends Tinnitus)Healthier LivingMd: Do This Immediately if You Have Diabetes (Watch)Blood Sugar BlasterHave an Enlarged Prostate? Urologist Reveals: Do This Immediately (Watch)Healthier LivingWomen Only: Stretch This Muscle to Stop Bladder Leakage (Watch)Healthier LivingRemoving Moles & Skin Tags Has Never Been This EasyEssential HealthMost 10 Rarest Skins for FortniteTCGThe content you see here is paid for by the advertiser or content provider whose link you click on, and is recommended to you by Revcontent. As the leading platform for native advertising and content recommendation, Revcontent uses interest based targeting to select content that we think will be of particular interest to you. We encourage you to view your opt out options in Revcontent’s Privacy PolicyWant your content to appear on sites like this?Increase Your Engagement Now!Want to report this publisher’s content as misinformation?Submit a ReportGot it, thanks!Remove Content Link?Please choose a reason below:Fake NewsMisleadingNot InterestedOffensiveRepetitiveSubmitCancellast_img read more

Who holds the upper hand?

first_imgThis is a completely new environment in which to attract andretain human capital. Employees are now both customer and investor. As acustomer, they have needs and expectations which must be satisfied or they taketheir business elsewhere. They also continually evaluate other opportunitiesand offers. As investors, they are savvy as well as temperamental. Although the battle for talent continues, the real war isover the ownership of human capital, argues Gardiner Hempel Related posts:No related photos. The challenge to the HR professional operating across theglobal landscape is to first understand this fundamental shift inemployer/employee dynamics. Second, they must understand that people indifferent national, religious and cultural contexts value their human capitaluniquely and will seek to maximise the return on their investment in differentways. Moreover, some people seek short-term gains while others aspire tolonger-term plays. Comments are closed. Human capital markets are becoming as efficient as moneycapital markets where arbitrage opportunities for personal betterment aresought and acted upon with lightning speed. In response, employers mustleverage human capital in the same manner as venture capitalists endeavour tomaximise returns on their investors’ money. Who holds the upper hand?On 1 Jun 2001 in Personnel Today The key is to understand what people from different pointsof the compass seek, and structure the deliverables accordingly, whether it becompetitive pay, attractive environment, abundant learning opportunities,work/life balance or a meaningful experience. This is the only way to capturethe globally astute, technologically literate and operationally agile talentthat companies need to succeed in today’s global economy. center_img Over recent years, the perspective on human resources hasbeen rapidly evolving from the old view of employees as resources to people ashuman capital. Moreover, today’s economy has caused a further realisation thatthere is a chronic shortage of the right talent in the right place at the righttime, and there doesn’t appear to be any relief from this condition in sight. Thisis a global phenomenon, and no industrialised or emerging economy is immunefrom the fierce competition in the HR arena. Although the war for talent has traditionally been viewed asthe battle between employers for the scarce number of qualified people availableto them, the real war that has been raging is one of ownership. That is, whoowns that human capital: the employer or the employees themselves? We have nowentered an era where the employer can no longer make the claim that people aretheir most important asset – employees have taken ownership of their own humancapital. What does this mean, and what does this portend forcompanies that need these people for their global operations? The historic viewof employers was that people were a resource. Like oil, water and air, therewas always a presumption of supply, despite occasional shortages. Although theywere certainly valuable and integral to the company’s operations, people weremeasured as a cost on the profit and loss statements, and, like other naturalresources, tended to deplete over time through attrition and a bias towardsyounger workers. Employees, on the other hand, measured success in terms of jobsecurity and longevity, and an attractive working environment. Recently, more enlightened employers have taken the viewthat people are an asset. Indeed, it is often said that they are the mostimportant asset. As such, there has been more concern expressed about theshortage of qualified people and more attention given to the types and magnitudeof investment that employers make in their people. The view was that, as anasset, people’s value to an organisation can appreciate. Ironically, humanassets are never recorded on the company’s financial balance sheet becausepeople are the one factor that companies can never own. Today’s economic reality is that employees now realise thatcompanies need them more than they need the companies. Employees are assertingtheir ownership rights on their individual and personal human capital.Nowadays, individuals manage their intangible value as measured by theirdiversified portfolio of education, experience, training, relationships,international experience and entrepreneurial forays. These individuals look foran environment that provides the highest return on their investment of time andtalent, and in a way that is meaningful to them. Employees now lease theirhuman capital to companies, and compensation and benefits are the rentemployers pay. Unless the rent remains attractive, employees may go home in theevening and not return the next day. Previous Article Next Articlelast_img read more

Persistent influence of ice sheet melting on high northern latitude climate during the early Last Interglacial

first_imgAlthough the Last Interglacial (LIG) is often considered as a possible analogue for future climate in high latitudes, its precise climate evolution and associated causes remain uncertain. Here we compile high-resolution marine sediment records from the North Atlantic, Labrador Sea, Norwegian Sea and the Southern Ocean. We document a delay in the establishment of peak interglacial conditions in the North Atlantic, Labrador and Norwegian Seas as compared to the Southern Ocean. In particular, we observe a persistent iceberg melting at high northern latitudes at the beginning of the LIG. It is associated with (1) colder and fresher surface-water conditions in the North Atlantic, Labrador and Norwegian Seas, and (2) a weaker ventilation of North Atlantic deep waters during the early LIG (129–125 ka) compared to the late LIG. Results from an ocean-atmosphere coupled model with insolation as a sole forcing for three key periods of the LIG show warmer North Atlantic surface waters and stronger Atlantic overturning during the early LIG (126 ka) than the late LIG (122 ka). Hence, insolation variations alone do not explain the delay in peak interglacial conditions observed at high northern latitudes. Additionally, we consider an idealized meltwater scenario at 126 ka where the freshwater input is interactively computed in response to the high boreal summer insolation. The model simulates colder, fresher North Atlantic surface waters and weaker Atlantic overturning during the early LIG (126 ka) compared to the late LIG (122 ka). This result suggests that both insolation and ice sheet melting have to be considered to reproduce the climatic pattern that we identify during the early LIG. Our model-data comparison also reveals a number of limitations and reinforces the need for further detailed investigations using coupled climate-ice sheet models and transient simulations.last_img read more

A new species of Eualus Thallwitz, 1891 and new record of Lebbeus antarcticus (Hale, 1941) (Crustacea: Decapoda; Caridea; Hippolytidae) from the Scotia Sea

first_imgEleven specimens representing two hippolytid genera, EualusThallwitz, 1892 and LebbeusWhite, 1847 were sampled recently from the Scotia Sea (1517–2598 m). Seven specimens are described and illustrated as Eualus amandae sp. nov., and its morphology is compared with those of previously described species. Four female specimens, morphologically consistent with Lebbeus antarcticus (Hale, 1941), are described and illustrated to supplement previous descriptions of this rarely collected bathyal species. Partial COI mtDNA and 18S rDNA sequences were generated for both species. Only limited DNA sequences are available for the Hippolytidae. COI phylogenetic trees are presented to illustrate that the new species is genetically distinct from all other species in GenBank. This record enhances existing knowledge of Antarctic invertebrate biodiversity and species richness of decapod crustaceans in the Southern Ocean.last_img read more

Long-term changes in population size, distribution and productivity of skuas (Stercorarius spp.) at Signy Island, South Orkney Islands

first_imgIn this study, we investigate the numbers, productivity and territory distribution of the two species of skuas (brown Stercorarius lonnbergi and south polar Stercorarius maccormicki) breeding at Signy Island, South Orkneys, and compare the results with trends elsewhere. Comparison with previous counts indicates a biphasic increase in brown skuas at Signy Island; much faster from 1958/1959 to 1982/1983 (3.3 % per annum), than in subsequent years (0.4 % per annum from 1983/1984 to 2013/2014). Relative distribution of territories has changed little over time. The reduced rate of population growth in recent years was broadly coincident with a decrease in numbers of penguins (and therefore potential prey), which may also explain recent reductions in skua numbers at other Antarctic sites. As prey have become limiting, breeding success of brown skuas at Signy Island is now slightly lower than in the 1950s/early 1960s, but timing of breeding does not appear to have changed. Brown skuas at Signy Island may still have enough resources to start breeding, but as the season progresses and availability of resources declines, chick survival is reduced. South polar skuas have declined from ten pairs in 1982/1983 to one pair in 2013/2014, and mixed pairs have increased from one to three pairs. A review of the literature indicated that although population trend data are available for relatively few sites elsewhere in the subantarctic and Antarctic, numbers of brown skuas appear to be generally decreasing or stable, and of south polar skuas to be stable or increasing.last_img read more